The red flags for virtual Pre-K in Indiana

I can get so busy teaching, grand-parenting, and keeping up with the day to day demands in my own little world that I can miss important political events happening around me. My sister and I were out to lunch today and she was asking me what I thought about the latest decisions that Indiana lawmakers have made regarding the allocation of funds for virtual Pre-K. I honestly was thrown off because I didn’t know what she was talking about so I came home and checked it all out.

Here’s the Scoop

If I understand this correctly, in my home state of Indiana, the political decision-makers have decided to allocate $1 million dollars out of $4 million dollars in funding to a virtual prekindergarten program. They have come to the decision that virtual pre-k is the better alternative to early intervention and education than allocating the full $4 million dollars in funds to brick and mortar schools.

The thinking is that prekindergarten children (particularly from low-income families) who live in areas where quality preschools are not available will now have access to everything they need to be considered ‘ready for kindergarten.’ All that parents and children need to do (according to the virtual Pre-K software folks at UPSTART) is sit down in front of a computer software program for “15 minutes a day, five days a week” – and PRESTO – their child will be ready for kindergarten! But wait – the parent doesn’t have to assist much because the children can use the program “independently within 20 minutes of getting started.” Oh and the children who complete and graduate from Virtual Pre-K will not only be ready for kindergarten but they will “enter kindergarten at the level most of their peers finish kindergarten.” Sounds pretty convincing right? Ummmmmm no, no, no, no, no.

The Virtual Pre-K Focus

Whether a preschool child is learning at home or in a classroom setting, the needs are the same so don’t go off thinking that I am advocating for one over the other. What I am advocating for is meeting the needs of the whole child. Virtual Pre-K puts the focus of early learning on one thing – academic learning. It ignores the incredible and critical broad range of needs young children have to be truly ready to enter kindergarten.

Readiness goes beyond recognizing numbers, shapes, letters, and so on. Readiness goes beyond phonics and other reading preparedness skills. Readiness goes beyond pushing big, bright buttons on a computer screen. Readiness goes beyond the child’s ability to be independently captivated by “thousands of activities, beautiful art, lively characters and catchy songs.” Readiness goes beyond passing assessments solely focused on academic learning. And readiness should be a rich experience that goes beyond “hundreds of instructional hours, thousands of lessons and activities, hundreds of books and animated songs, as well as printable resources and ongoing progress reports.”

True and Complete readiness is an ongoing process that encompasses social, emotional, physical, and cognitive skills through rich, hands-on, personal, real life experiences.

The whole child must be considered and not just the part!

Red Flags for Virtual Pre-K

Let’s take a look at the valuable and critical skills Virtual Pre-K does not include in the learning process.

  1. Virtual Pre-K is an isolating experience rather than being a give and take of conversation, questions, ideas, and interactions with other people (peer-to-peer or educator-to-child) in a real life setting. The critical need for social interaction and all the benefits of developing much needed social skills is missing from the experience.
  2. Virtual Pre-K does not promote the critical need for developing fine motor skills. Young children are still developing their fine motor skills which is a critical component in writing readiness. It is through hands-on play and sensory based experiences that young children strengthen their fine motor skills and master their eye-hand coordination.
  3. Virtual Pre-K does not promote the natural and important use of large motor skills such a running, jumping, marching, balance, stretching, body control, and spacial awareness. All are necessary components of functioning competently in a classroom environment filled with peers of the child’s own age.
  4. Virtual Pre-K does not promote daily life skills such as pouring a cup of juice, organizing papers and putting it away in a back pack, zipping up jackets without assistance, putting art papers in a drying rack, washing hands, throwing trash in the can, working cooperatively to put blocks away, or other daily life skills that are commonly needed to be ready to learn in a kindergarten setting.
  5. Virtual Pre-K does not give young children the important peer-to-peer experiences of making up rules for play, negotiation, problem-solving, self-regulating, sharing, and finding one’s confidence and skills in establishing and nurturing friendships. Perhaps there is an assumption that this will happen automatically.
  6. Virtual Pre-K does not nurture and highlight the child’s interest in creative thinking, engineering, construction, art, dance, story telling, journalling. Remember – the focus is on academic learning but young children have many gifts and talents that can can lead just as profoundly, if not more profoundly, to all kinds of academic/cognitive learning.
  7. Virtual Pre-K keeps all the “learning” indoors when some of the best learning a child can experience is outdoors.
  8. Virtual Pre-K doesn’t help a child constructively work through the things that frustrates him or makes him sad, mad, annoyed, or tired. The critical need for emotional development is missing from the experience.
  9. What if a child doesn’t pass an assessment? What if the child falls behind on the five days per week check-in? What if the child’s parents simply do not have the skills, finance, abilities to fill in the gaps that are missing from the Virtual Pre-K program? Who will observe the social, emotional, physical learning and development that is taking place when the “virtual teachers” never really ever even meet the child?

This list is by no means exhaustive of what is missing from Virtual Pre-K but it sheds light on the idea that as a stand-alone learning tool, Virtual Pre-K is not an all inclusive path that will help the whole child be “ready-for-kindergarten.”  Policy makers need to recognize that kindergarten readiness is so much more. I can possibly see Virtual Pre-K being an extension of a classroom environment but not the starting point. Unfortunately, it seems Indiana Policy Makers are funding Virtual Pre-K as the alternative to real-life, hands-on, child-centered learning that covers the full scope of kindergarten readiness and because of this, I worry that valuable and critical early learning opportunities will be lost along the way.

To the leaders right here in my home state of Indiana: I have been teaching prekindergarten age children long enough to speak from experience and if I thought that kindergarten readiness was as simple as a child sitting in front of a computer for 15 minutes a day, I would jump all over it but I can tell you – it isn’t enough. If I thought it was a good alternative, I would be the first in line to support it. But young children do not need the focus to be on academics over all the other kinds of learning. I would encourage you to continue your search and find a solution for Pre-K that considers and addresses the needs of the whole child so that young children will enter the kindergarten classroom confident, happy, creative, competent and fully ready to learn.





By |2018-11-02T10:59:39+00:00May 7th, 2017|

About the Author:

Deborah J. Stewart, M.Ed. has been working and teaching in the field of early childhood education for over 30 years. Deborah currently owns and teaches in her own part-time, private preschool called The Children’s Studio. Deborah’s deep passion for teaching and working with young children is documented and then graciously shared with millions of readers around the world through her blog and other social networking communities. Deborah believes that young children learn best through play and exploration and embraces this belief in all that she does in her own classroom so that she can effectively and passionately share rewarding, real- life, tried-and-true practices with other teachers, parents, and leaders across the field of early childhood education.


  1. Deb Kelly May 7, 2017 at 10:01 pm - Reply

    I agree with EVERY word you said!!! I have been a pre-k teacher for 7 years, and a preschool teCher for 16. I teared and got very emotional reading your 9+++ points on how important hands-on learning is for pre-k students, and totally agree with all of your points about the importance of teaching to the whole child!!! I am screaming inside right now!!! I cannot believe the thinking of our lawmakers! I am sick about this! They cannot be serious!!!!

  2. tisha @ quiltytherapy May 8, 2017 at 2:33 pm - Reply

    As a mom to a preschooler, this would not be effective at all for my child. Also there are a number of socio-economic factors not addressed in this bill. Not all children have a computer or Wifi in the home. WE, the state of Indiana, have to do better for children. I hope this bill doesn’t make it much further, but I’m sure it will.

  3. Amy Richards May 11, 2017 at 5:04 pm - Reply

    Hi Deborah,

    I enjoy your website and blog so much! When I was in the classroom, I used your ideas regularly. I now work for an educational service unit – coordinating professional development for child care providers and other early childhood professionals in my region. I’m wondering if you would be willing to consider coming to present at one of our conferences as I would love for more providers to hear your amazing ideas. I would love to talk with you about the possibility. Thanks so much!

    • Deborah J. Stewart, M.Ed. May 12, 2017 at 9:52 am - Reply

      Hi Amy,
      Please reach out to me at [email protected] and we can talk about what you are needing. I would love to share with your childcare providers.


  4. Martha May 15, 2017 at 10:10 am - Reply

    Bravo Deborah! Way to take a stand on the truth in addressing the developmental needs of young learners. I am retiring this year and it heartens me that brilliant minds like you continue to press on to what is best for kids. Keep it up!!!

  5. Viola Roy May 15, 2017 at 2:34 pm - Reply

    Deborah~ I am completely on board with what you are saying as well. Have you thought of sending this article to the Indiana Congressmen/lawmakers? I feel it might change a few perspectives or at least get them thinking of the whole well being of our children differently. Thank you so much!!!

  6. Julie Bulver May 15, 2017 at 4:33 pm - Reply

    That’s a very well written letter. I think you need to get some other experts besides yourself on board. Perhaps DR. Jean could also email. Thanks for fighting the fight. This is so scary!!!

  7. Emily S May 15, 2017 at 11:36 pm - Reply

    So glad someone is addressing this! I am an early childhood educator that is currently staying at home with my children. I live in Utah, where UPSTART has been in full swing for years now. I opted not to do it with my first 3 children. However, due to a brain injury, my 4th child, a daughter, needs all the help she can get so I decided to add UPSTART as a supplement. I’m grateful for the little boost it has provided, but it’s definitely not all it’s cracked up to be, and I feel really sad that so many people here are putting so much credence into it. The people who train the parents on the software don’t actually know much about childhood literacy development, and that part seems like a huge missed opportunity. The program repeats the same alphabet song every day, and goes too fast for my daughter. She had no idea what she was doing after a few months, and many children here have had the same experience. Thank you for your expertise and thoughts!

  8. Lori C May 16, 2017 at 11:32 am - Reply

    Excellent article, Deborah. I agree with the suggestion that you send it to your local governments, newspapers, school boards, etc. Most importantly, the parents need to be educated on this issue. I’m sure UPSTART runs a “high gloss” marketing campaign that is very persuasive to parents. Sadly, they are often misinformed about what is truly considered Best Practices in Early Childhood Ed.
    Another important factor that is only making news more recently, is the concern from Pediatric Ophthalmologists regarding the effects of screen time on eye development in young children. As you point out, children need to get up and move their bodies, they need to interact with peers and adults, and they need to spend time in nature to build a strong mind and body and be fully ready to learn.
    I hope many others in the field of education will step forward and speak out against this bill in Indiana, and hopefully, keep the sole use of UPSTART as a pre-K replacement from spreading further.

  9. Karen Fritz May 17, 2017 at 6:48 pm - Reply

    I’m an OT in the WA public schools who has worked in developmental prek for the past 17 years. Thank you for raising awareness about this horrible legislation! Who are these people allocating fund to such a program that neglects the whole child development? Where is the research in this? Clueless! I forwarded to my sister, who is an SLP in early childhood education in IN state. She didn’t have any idea about the program / grant, but is ‘on it’ now.

  10. Maraya Pearson May 18, 2017 at 8:20 am - Reply

    I feel and cherish the love and hope behind your heartache .. thank you for diving into these murky waters with your light. Hopefully some will come toward it. The world will need your advocacy.

  11. […] all the ALEC supported privatizers in the Indiana General Assembly were after. They also included $1 million for a “virtual preschool” […]

  12. Guntur July 7, 2017 at 3:11 am - Reply

    Excellent, I really agree with you…

  13. Kathleen August 12, 2017 at 11:24 am - Reply

    I sit aghast. On-line learning is a poor alternative to “education” for much older and more capable kids in the best of circumstances and we have data to prove it… and now it is going to be for PREschoolers, and targeted at our neediest, low income kids! AND it’s going to take away a quarter of the funds that would go to true preschools!!! How many years, millions of dollars, and missed opportunity to grow a whole child will it take for this LUDICROUS idea to GO AWAY? I have to keep faith that our country will swing back to solid thinking about education and SOON. Deborah, may I please link to your post from my blog. You sum it up so well… I’ll just add the exclamation marks :-/ Kathleen at

    • Deborah Stewart August 12, 2017 at 1:22 pm - Reply

      Yes! Of course:)

Leave A Comment

This site uses 'cookies' to give you the best, most relevant experience. Using the website means you're OK with this. Ok